This interview question is not that common. My friend faced this interview question, when he attended an interview in London. My friend said we can use COALESCE() in SQL Server. Then the interviewer said, that's very good answer, but do you know of any other way?
Apart from using COALESCE(), there are 2 other ways to replace NULL values in SQL Server. Let's understand this with an example.
I have a Table tblEmployee, as shown in the diagram below. Some of the Employees does not have gender. All those employees who does not have Gender, must have a replacement value of 'No Gender' in your query result. Let's explore all the 3 possible options we have.
Option 1 : Replace NULL values in SQL Server using ISNULL() function.
Select Name, ISNULL(Gender,'No Gender') as Gender
Option 2 : Replace NULL values in SQL Server using CASE.
Select Name, Case When Gender IS NULL Then 'No Gender' Else Gender End as Gender
Option 3 : Replace NULL values in SQL Server using COALESCE() function.
Select Name, Coalesce(Gender, 'No Gender') as Gender
These are the 3 options that I can think of at the moment. If you can think of any other option, please post it here.